Minimally invasive surgeries are used to correct a variety of reproductive abnormalities and causes of infertility. These procedures generally require at least one and up to a few small incisions, allowing for a shorter and more comfortable post-surgery recovery.
Minimally invasive surgeries include hysteroscopy, laparoscopy and robotic surgery. These procedures treat conditions affecting the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries.
Corrective surgery options include:
- Tubal surgery: Remove adhesions, repair the fallopian tube opening, remove fluid or blockage from fallopian tubes
- Tubal reversal surgery: For women who have previously had their tubes tied
- Adhesiolysis: Removal of adhesions/scar tissue
- Myomectomy: remove fibroids (myomas) from the uterus
- Polypectomy: remove endometrial polyps
- Uterine septum resection: correct a “double” uterus by creating a single uterine cavity
Minimally invasive surgical techniques allow entrance through small, or several small, precise incisions. Once the incision or incisions are made, the physician inserts a video camera and surgical instruments to repair the damaged area. These procedures cause the patient less discomfort, have a quicker recovery time and require a shorter hospital stay.
If infertility is identified in the male, there are several surgical procedures to correct infertility causes and help to assist in pregnancy.
Minimally invasive surgeries include:
- Vasectomy reversal: This out-patient procedure will reverse a previous vasectomy. By doing so, the ability to release sperm into semen is restored.
- Testicular biopsy: An in-office procedure where a few pieces of testicular tissue are removed to be further examined.
- Testicular sperm aspiration (TESA): TESA extracts a tissue samples from the testis through a needle biopsy and may extract sperm for in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
- Perutaneous sperm aspiration (PESA): A needle is inserted into the epidermis in order to retrieve a pocket of sperm.