Female factor infertility is determined when an abnormality is found in the woman’s reproductive system. This accounts for 30 to 40 percent of infertility cases.
There are many possible causes of female infertility and, after positive testing and diagnosis, these causes can often times be treated or repaired.
There are our primary categories for female factor infertility including: age, ovulatory, uterine and tubal.
- Premature ovarian failure
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome
- Eating disorders
- Being overweight
- Being underweight
- Other medical reasons
In some cases, the cause may remain unknown.
One of the most common causes of female factor infertility is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is due to hormonal imbalances that prevent the ovulation cycle from occurring. Too much or too little of certain hormones can cause the formation of multiple ovarian cysts but prevent the release of any eggs. PCOS cannot be completely cured, but long-term treatments can help to minimize the effects.
Although many of these abnormalities are hereditary or pre-disposed, the following may increase chances of female factor infertility: heavy alcohol or caffeine consumption, smoking, weight and a history of sexually transmitted diseases (STD).